How and why have the government policies towards Aborigines changed in Australia changed since the end of WWII?

Essay by lil_criz_tinHigh School, 10th gradeA-, August 2005

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There are a number of polices targeted at Aborigines in Australia that has been changed since the end of World War for many reasons. These policies included: the Assimilation Policy, the policy of Integration and the Reconciliation Policy. There are also important Aboriginal Rights that occurred after WW2. E.g. voting and land rights.

The Assimilation Policy which occurred in 1940 was a policy which was aimed to have all Aborigines living like white Australians. The Aborigines were encouraged to move into cites, give up their Aboriginal identity and adopt "white" customs.

The Assimilation Policy gave the government the rights to take Aboriginal children away from their parents, have control over where they could live or go and had little respect or understanding for their culture.

During the 1960's, Aboriginal activists and groups began to fight for justice and equality to end this policy. These Aboriginal actions and greater community awareness led the government to change the Assimilation Policy into Integration.

This meant bringing all Aboriginals and non-Aboriginals people together. Integration was aimed at treating all Australians equally, regardless of their cultural background.

Even thought the Integration Policy was put into place, most Aborigines still did not have the same rights and advantages as most Australians. Aborigines still had lower wages and poorer conditions, they still could not vote and were not allowed to enter a number of public facilities like swimming pools, pubs, clubs, hotels and public toilet.

Early in the 1965, some Aboriginal activists, white student, led by Charles Perkins, set out for north-western New South Wales in a bus. These people were also known as "freedom riders". They wanted everyone to know that Aborigines on were not allowed to public area and the choices that they had.

During this period, things slowly started to change for the Aboriginals...