Chapter review: poets

Essay by ilnet2000High School, 11th grade September 2005

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*Italian poet Franseco Petrarch: first person to use the word renaissance to describe the time in which he lived. He was also the first humanist

*Giovanni Boccaccio: one of the first writers to use vernacular. He is also best known for the Decameron, a collection of stories that shows his lively interest in men and women as unique individuals.

*In the 1300s, the Italian painter Giotto developed a new style of painting that emphasized natural looking forms instead of flat, stylized figures.

*The paintings and sculptures of Michelangelo demonstrated a fascination with the shape, substance, and power of the human body.

*Niccolo Maciavelli: wrote the prince, which emphasized the philosophy of pragmatism: the idea that the ends justify the means.

*Johann Getenberg: produced Europes first printed book, the bible.

*John whycliffe: Translated the bible into English: ppl had a direct relationship with god.

*Desiderius Erasmus: dutch priest and scholar, exerted an enormous interllectual influence, sharp critic of the church

*Sir Thamas More of England paved the way for the radical reforms of Martin Luther and John Calvin.

*Miguel De Cervantes: wrote the first novel: Don Quixote

*Neoclassicism: imitation of classical greek and roman forms

*Pierre de Ronsard is famous for the French poems he modeled after classical poets, as well as for his sonnets.